Wiktionary:ڪپوس

Wiktionary طرفان
ڏانهن ٽپ ڏيو رهنمائي, ڳولا

ڪثرتاً پُڇيا ويندڙ سُوالَ[ترميميو]

ھِيءُ سيڪشن اوھان جي ذھن ۾ اڀرندڙ سڀني نھ تھ ڪيترن ئي سوالن جا جواب ڏئي سگھي ٿو. اھو غور سان پڙھندا ۽ سمجھندا، جيئن نوان صفحا وجھڻ يا اڳي ئي موجود صفحن کي سنوارڻ ۾ اوھان کي ڪا مشڪل پيش نھ اچي. اوھان کي سنڌي وڪيغت ۽ سنڌي وڪيپيڊيا ۾ ڪيترين ئي جايُن تي ”ڪپوس” لکيل نظر ايندو، جيڪو ”ڪثرتاً پُڇيا ويندڙ سوالَ” جو مخفف آھي؛ جيئن انگريزيءَ ۾ فريڪوينٽلي آسڪڊ ڪوئسچنز جو مخفف FAQ استعمال ٿيندو آھي.


سانچو:shortcut

عام[ترميميو]

سوال: آئون نئون لفظ ڪيئن گڏيان؟

جواب: Wiktionary:Topics ۾ مناسب ڳنڍڻو رکي توھان نئون لفظ گڏي سگھو ٿا. پڻ ڏسندا Help:نئون صفحو شروع ڪرڻ.

سوال: الفبيوار فھرستَ ڪٿي آھي؟

جواب: Try using the search feature instead. Special:Allpages lists all of the pages in Wiktionary, including the utility pages in the Wiktionary: namespace.

سوال: مون کي ڪو عام لفظ سُجھي ٿو، جيڪو وڪيغت ۾ موجود نھ آھي. آئون ڪو لغتدان ناھيان. آئون ھڪ عام ماڻھو آھيان ۽ سمجھان ٿو تھ آئون ڪجھھ ساديون وصفُون ڀاڱيداري سگھان ٿو. آئون ترجمن يا بڻڀياس متعلق ڪجھھ ڪو نھ ٿو ڄاڻان. وڪيپيڊيا تي ڪيترا ئي ماڻھو ايندا آھن ۽ نھايت خوشيءَ سان اچي معمولي وڪيئائڻ يا سنوارڻ جھڙو ڪو ننڍو ڪم ڪندا آھي. ڇا وڪيغت ۾ بھ ايئن ڪري سگھجي ٿو؟

جواب: بلڪل! وڪيغت تمام ننڍي آھي. جيڪڏھن ڪو لفظ موجود نھ آھي تھ اوھان رکي ڇڏيو. جيڪڏھن اوھان ان جي بڻڀياس بابت ڪجھھ نھ ٿا ڄاڻو تھ خير آھي؛ توھان جي معمولي ڀاڱيداري وري بھ ڪجھھ نھ ھوڻ کان بھتر آھي. ڪو ٻيو ڪنھن ٻي ڀيري بڻڀياس بابت ڄاڻ بھ رکي ڇڏيندو. پر جيڪڏھن توھان ترجمو ڀاڱيداري رھيا آھيو تھ اھا ڄاڻ ھوڻ تمام ضروري آھي تھ اھڙو ترجمو لفظ جي ڪھڙي معنيَ تي لاڳو ٿي ٿو.

سوال: مون وڪيغت ۾ اڳي ئي ڪجھھ ڪم ڪيو آھي. پر ھاڻي آئون يُوزرنيم ٺاھڻ ٿو گھران تھ جيئن منھنجو ڪيل سمورو ڪم منھنجي نالي ۾ لنظر اچي. نئون يُوزرنيم ڪيئن ٺاھجي؟

جواب: صرف وڪيغت جي مک صفحي جِي مٿين کاٻِي ڪُنڊَ تي موجود کاتو ٺاھيو يا لاگ اِن ٿيو ڳنڍڻي تي ڪلڪ ڪريو.

اُچارُ[ترميميو]

سوال: اُچار ڄاڻائڻ لاءِ بول نشانيون يا ٻيون خاص نشانيون ڪيئن وجھجن؟

جواب. صفحي جي سَري تي، اُچار سيڪشن ھوڻ گھرجي، جھڙوڪ:
/ˈwɪkʃənrɪ/, /ˈwɪkʃəˌnəri/

سوال: اھڙيون نشانيو ڪيئن ٽائيپ ڪجن، ۽ ڪا اھڙي جدول آھي، جيڪا سمجھائي تھ ڪھڙي نشاني ڪھڙي آواز کي ظاھر ٿِي ڪري؟

جواب: جڏھن توھان ڪو صفحو سنواري رھيا ھوندا تھ توھان کي صفحي جي تَري ۾ نظر ايندو. اِن پُل ڊائون مينيو مان بول چيونڊيو. the save buttons a box with many accented letters and a pull-down menu that reads "Latin/Roman". Select "IPA" or "AHD" from the pull-down menu, depending on the pronunciation scheme you want. (There isn't an option for SAMPA as all SAMPA characters can be typed on an ordinary keyboard.) Position the text cursor where you want the symbol to be inserted, then click on the desired character.

سوال: انٽرنيٽ ايڪسپلورر ۾ بول نشانيون چوڪنڊيءَ وانگي نظر اچي رھيون آھن. ان مسئلي جو ڪو حل آھي؟

جواب. The easiest way for Windows/Internet Explorer users is to make sure the font "Arial Unicode MS" is installed. Then, in Internet Explorer go to Tools/Internet Options.../General tab. Select the "Fonts..." button at the bottom. Make sure the "Language script" displays "Latin based", then set the "Web Page Font" to "Arial Unicode MS". Click OK twice to exit.

سوال: I've tried the above, and it still doesn't work. Any other ideas?

جواب: Works fine when setting Skin to Classic, Nostalgica or MySkin on your Preferences side, but not with Skins Cologne Blue, MonoBook. Would be nice if somebody could fix this. Alternatively, try a different browser, such as Firefox, which displays these characters correctly.

Article Format[ترميميو]

Q: How do we format articles? Is there a standard format we should use?

A: Guidelines for this can be seen at Wiktionary:Entry layout explained. The concepts on that page have varying levels of acceptability, and continue to evolve as new techniques are developed to deal a wide array of challenges relating to different languages.

Q: Some people link to other words as they type a definition. Since every English word would eventually be listed on the Wiktionary, maybe someone could add a code (which perhaps could be turned off) that made every word link to its corresponding entry.

A: When an article is loaded the software checks each linking word to see if the article for the word exists, and it is marked in blue if it exists, red if it does not. It only takes a fraction of a second to check each word, but if more words are checked this time is cumulative. If every word is checked, it could cause serious slowdowns. This already happens in link-rich articles. How often does one really need a link to "the"?

وصفون تحريرڻ[ترميميو]

سوال: وصفون ڪيئن تحرير ڪجن؟

جواب: In some respects writing a definition is an art. Begin by finding examples where the word is used, and distill a definition that would be accurate for all of the examples. It may very well be that a word can have more than one definition. You can then add the quotations as examples.

سوال: وصفون ڪيئن نھ تحريرڻ گھرجن؟

جواب: پنھنجي ڪنھن بھ ڀاڱيداريءَ کان سواءِ ٻين لغتُن ۽ ذريعن تان جيئن جو تيئن وصفون اُتارڻ نھ گھرجن.

سوال: ڇا آئون ٻين لغتُن يا ذريعن مان ملندڙ مواد استعمال ڪري سگھان ٿو؟ ڪيئن؟ ۽ ڪيترو؟

جواب: ھا ۽ نھ!
Wiktionary should represent the language as it is used in practice, and that is best done through evidence of usage. Not all dictionaries provide this kind of evidence and may only reflect usages current at the time that the dictionary was published. The 1913 edition of Webster's Dictionary is a popular freely available source, but it must be supplemented to show how some words have changed since 1913.
There are copyright issues associated with more recent dictionaries. Also, specialized glossaries and other books may have the only accurate definition of a technical term, but be protected by copyright. Fair use (or fair dealing) is important here, and can apply as long as we don't use too much from one source. Whenever we use asource in that way, it must be credited. The legal issues about this are very complex, and it wise find other ways of expressing yourself so that fair use will not need to be a factor.

Limiting and/or ordering definitions[ترميميو]

سوال: To avoid bias, should we sometimes limit or order the definitions so as to avoid giving the impression that rare or difficult uses of a word are more common than they are?

جواب: Yes, in theory, the oldest uses of a word should be listed first, but in the absence of historical data this is difficult to do. Furthermore, definitions are sometimes related, and should be close to each other in such circumstances. Determining which usage is most common or popular requires expressing a Point of View, and should be avoided. Links to Wikipedia or references to the Oxford English Dictionary are better ways to ensure that the definitions are complete.

سوال: Is there a subset of the wiktionary that would include only meanings that are known to be necessary for learning English as a second language, or for learning common English idioms?

جواب: There is provision for this idea. If you have the time, you could consider participating in the separate project at Simple:Main Page that aims to do just that! This kind of simplification is not a simple undertaking, and it has not attracted a lot of interest. See also Simple English Dictionary on the Simple English Wikipedia.

ڪاپي رائيٽس جي ڀڃڪڙي[ترميميو]

سوال: مون ڪنھن مقالي ۾ ڪنھن الاڻي فلاڻي يُوزر جو رکيل مواد ڏٺو آھي، جيڪو ڪاپي رائيٽيل آھي. مون کي ڇا ڪرڻ گھرجي؟

A: In a publication like ours it is never easy to determine when a copyright infringement has taken place. Fair use (see below) is not an infringement. If you suspect that an article contains copyrighted material, use the following steps:
  1. Don't panic, and do your homework.
  2. On the talk page for the article show why you think it is a copyright violation. In particular show exactly where you think the text in question was originally published.
  3. As a matter of courtesy, if the material was placed by a registered user, politely let him know about this on his talk page.
  4. Add [[Category:Copyright alert]] to the article. There is no need to immediately remove the suspected material.

سوال: ڪاپي رائيٽ ڇا آھي؟

A: Copyright is a person's exclusive economic right to use and exploit his own creative and artistic productions. It's duration depends primarily on the laws of the country where that person lives. It may be accompanied by moral rights such as the right to be properly credited for one's works. A work whose copyright has expired is said to be in the public domain.

سوال: مناسب استعمال ڇا آھي؟

جواب: In simple terms "fair use" (also known as "fair dealing" or "fair practice") is the allowable quotation of the copyrighted works of others. The concept is not relevant to works that are already in the public domain. Any such quotation must be properly credited. Whether any particular quotation constitutes fair use can often be a very difficult matter to resolve. In most cases quoting a single definition, or a brief illustrative passage from any author's work will fall within the definition of fair use.

نامپولار[ترميميو]

سوال: Occasionally in a discussion I see a reference to a "namespace". What is that?

جواب: A namespace is a group of pages designed to fulfill a special purpose. Namespaces are denoted by a prefix followed by a colon, as Talk:color. The one exception to that is the "article" namespce, which contains the substantive articles for the Wiktionary; it has no prefix. See Help:Namespace for more information. Articles in a namespace are also sorted and searched separately from those in other namespaces. Articles in different namespaces may have identical names after the prefix.

سوال: Where can I see a list of active namespaces?

ڪاپي رائيٽيل جواب: ڏسندا Special:Allpages. Currently, they are "(articles)", "Talk", "User", "User talk", "Wiktionary", "Wiktionary talk", "Image", "Image talk", "MediaWiki", "MediaWiki talk", "Template", "Template talk", "Help", "Help talk", "Category" and "Category talk".

سوال: نيم نامپولار ڇا آھي؟

جواب: A pseudonamespace is a group of articles in the "article" namespace having a common prefix formatted in the same way as the prefix for a real namespce. These are sorted within that namespace as though the prefix were a part of the article's name.

سوال: Is it possible to restrict a search to a given namespace?

جواب: ھا، Special:Allpages allows you to search individual namespaces.

توھان جي ٻوليءَ ۾ وڪيغت[ترميميو]

سوال: آئون پنھنجي ٻوليءَ ۾ وڪيغت شروع ڪرڻ ٿو چاھيان. مون کي ڇا ڪرڻ گھرجي؟

جواب: You should go to the requests for new languages page on Meta.

Referencing Wiktionaries from Other Wikipedias[ترميميو]

سوال: What is Transwiki?

جواب: Transwiki is a way of moving articles from one wiki to another (e.g. from Wikipedia to Wiktionary). It essentially applies to articles that have been written in the wrong project. By putting the article in the pseudonamespace "Transwiki:" the transferor can park it there without concern about our format or whether we will even accept it.

سوال: Are [[wiktionary:Dog]] and [[wiktionary:eo:Konduto]] suitable references from other Wikipedias to Wiktionaries?

جواب: From a Wikipedia, [[wiktionary:Dog]] or the shorter [[wikt:Dog]] should link to the Wiktionary in the same language.
جواب: From Wiktionary, a link beginning with the word Wiktionary is treated as a link to the page in the Wiktionary namespace with the title [[wiktionary:dog]]. Upper or lower case of the first letter of the article title may give different results in this Wiktionary - (see here for the status of this on other wiktionaries). In the same way, here the link [[wikipedia:Dog]] will link to wikipedia.

ٽيمپليٽ ڇا آھي؟[ترميميو]

سوال: وڪيغت ٽيمپليٽ ڇا آھي؟

جواب: The word template in Wiktionary jargon means an entry in the Template: namespace which substitutes the content of the template whenever it is addressed in an article.

سوال: اھا ڪيئن ٿِي ڪم ڪري؟

جواب: Someone devises a template such as template:Wikipedia. Then, others use it by adding the text {{Wikipedia}} into their articles. When anyone displays that article, the text from template:Wikipedia is included in that page. In this example the template produces a box that includes a link to the article with the same name in Wikipedia,

سوال: انھن ٽيمپليٽس جي لسٽ ڪٿي ملندي؟

جواب: ڏسندا Wiktionary:ٽيمپليٽ ڏسڻي.

مثال[ترميميو]

سوال: ڇا ھر وصفَ سان گڏ مثال ڏيڻ ضرورِي آھي؟

جواب: Examples are good, but quotations are much better. A well-chosen quotation can do everything that an example can, and additionally show evidence
  • of the age of a word,
  • that the meaning given reflects actual use, and
  • that the word isn't just made up for Wiktionary.

لاگ اِن[ترميميو]

سوال: جيڪڏھن وڪيپيڊيا ۾ منھنجو کاتو کليل آھي، تھ ڇا وڪيغت ۾ وري بھ مون کي الگ سان کاتو کولڻو پوندو؟

جواب: ھا. ھر نئين وڪي رٿا يا ٻوليءَ ۾ الڳ کاتو کولڻو پوند. ويندي توھان ساڳيو ئي استعمال ڪري سگھو ٿا، جيڪڏھن اھو ڪنھن ٻي ڪو نھ کڻي ورتو آھي!

بين الوِڪِي ڳنڍڻا ڇا آھن؟[ترميميو]

سوال: بين الوِڪِي ڳنڍڻا ڇا آھن؟

A: Interwiki links in Wiktionary are links from one language Wiktioanry to another. For example, the French Wiktionary has the word chat which corresponds to the English Wiktionary's entry under the title chat. One is written in French (for the French Wiktionary) the other in English (for the English Wiktionary.) Interwiki links link these two articles to each other (note: not their translations.)

سوال: Where do interwiki links belong/what is the correct interwiki syntax?

جواب: Interwiki links appear in one of two places: either at the very end of the article, or embedded in a translation table. Interwiki links at the end of the article follow "normal" interwiki syntax: [[ followed by the (usually two-digit) country code, then a colon, then this same article name (identical matches ONLY!) followed by ]]. For interwikis within translations, (say in the translation table of the English article cat,) you would normally list first the English Wiktionary's wikified link; chat, as [[chat]] to allow your readers to learn about the French word (by reading the English description of it) then the French version of the French word is linked as chat by entering [[:fr:chat|chat]].

سوال: This is too confusing, and it makes the article source look sloppy. Can I just delete them?

جواب: نھ. If you don't know why it is there, don't remove it.

سوال: I still don't get it. Why have interwiki links? They don't make anything on the page change.

جواب: On the left-most column (if using the default monobook User preferences skin) below the "toolbox" is where the interwiki links appear.

وڪيئائڻ[ترميميو]

سوال: وڪيئائڻ يا وڪيڪاري ڇا آھي؟

جواب: Putting two square brackets before and after a term will auto-generate a hypertext markup language link to that word's page, here on Wiktionary. thus entering [[link]] will give link.

سوال: Why don't we wikify every word? That would be so cool!

جواب: We don't for several reasons:
  • Server performance. The computers must check every word that's linked like that. It's no big deal on a short article, but it really slows down the downloading of longer articles.
  • Logical continuity. The wikilinks are meant to help clarify aspects of a meaning; it's good to have the important words stand out.

سوال: Fine then. Hey look- a red link! Should I dewikify it?

جواب: Maybe, but usually, no! Red links let you know where there is work yet to be done.

سوال: Any other guidelines on what to wikify?

جواب: The following are but a few.
  • On the inflection line, (the line following the part-of-speech header) you should wikify all component words of idioms and phrases.
  • You should wikify all translated words.
  • You should wikify all but the top 40 language names in translation sections.
  • You should wikify the expansion of abbreviations. Usually the main article should go with the short form's expansion, not the abbreviation itself.
  • All foreign language words in the etymology section should be wikilinked.  :*All inflections of a word should be wikified (plurals, comparatives, superlatives, third person, participles and past tenses.)

سنڌي سُرخِي[ترميميو]

سوال: مون کي ڪيترا ئي مقالا نظر اچن ٿا، جن جي ٻوليَ ڄاڻايل ڪانھي، پر اھي سڌا سنوا سنڌي آھن. اھا ڳالھھ قابل فھنم بھ آھي. ڇا آئون ==سنڌي== مٽائي ڇڏيان، جتي جتي بھ اھو لکيل آھي؟

جواب: نھ. اھا يقيناً اھم سُرخي آھي. ھر لفظ لازمي نھ آھي تھ سنڌي ھجي. ڇاڪاڻ تھ وڪيغت ۾ ھر ٻوليءَ جا لفظ وجھي سگھجن ٿا، ۽ اھڙي سُرخِي سڀني کي ياد ڏياري ٿِي تھ ھُو دنيا جِي ڪنھن بھ ٻوليءَ جو لفظ درج ڪري سگھن ٿا.


Some more reasons why "==English==" is required:
  1. It reminds new contributors that they can enter words and definitions of other languages.
  2. The absence of the English heading is an indication that the person entering it is new, and the article probably needs cleanup.
  3. The use of 1st level English headings implies a vandal, therefore candidate for deletion.
  4. The presence of the English heading makes it readily apparent how another language definition can be added to a page.
  5. The presence of the English heading makes parsing articles by external tools easier. (The point of Wiktionary is to provide electronic access to everyone, everywhere, provided they extend the same courtesy to their derived works. There is nothing to say that we should arbitrarily make it more difficult for programs to interpret.)
  6. The presence of the English heading makes parsing articles by internal "bots" easier/possible.

Downloading Wiktionary[ترميميو]

Q: Is it possible to download Wiktionary?

A: Yes. http://download.wikimedia.org/enwiktionary/ should have the latest copy of the main namespace. Older files are at http://download.wikimedia.org/wiktionary/en/ as well. Because of several recent changes, the download pages are slightly disorganized as of 2/14/2006; the cleanest navigation page is http://download.wikimedia.org/.

Q: Can I use data from Wiktionary in my program?

A: As long as you meet the conditions of the GNU Free Documentation License, certainly.

لوگو ۾ "وڪيغت" جو اُچارُ[ترميميو]

سوال: Isn't the pronunciation of "Wiktionary" in the logo wrong? Shouldn't there be an extra syllable/a long "i" at the end?

جواب: The pronunciation is the RP pronunciation of "Wiktionary", based on the RP pronunciation of "dictionary" found in British dictionaries. Other pronunciations of "dictionary" are found in the UK, and this particular pronunciation is not really heard outside the UK. However, this is the pronunciation that was used to create the logo, and it would be difficult to change it without creating a new logo.